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581,730 Km2


2.104 Millions

HDI Rank

119 (over 186 countries)

Capital City

Gaborone, population 233,135 (2011 pop. Census)

Demographic distribution

Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Spoken languages

English and Setswana

Religious beliefs

Christianity and indigenous beliefs; small Muslim population

Political regime

Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), Botswana National Front (BNF), Botswana Congress Party (BCP), Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) and Botswana Peoples" Party (BPP)

Head of State

President Lieutenant General Seretse Khama Ian Khama

Associations with International Organisations

United Nations, Commonwealth, Southern African Development Community (SADC), African Union (AU), Non Aligned Movement (NAM), Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Botswana is also a member of the implementation committee of NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development).

Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook

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